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Sabtu, 12 Mei 2012

THE SPECIAL WAYS TO MAKE A GOOD ESSAY



THE SPECIAL WAYS TO MAKE A GOOD ESSAY

Oleh: Yeni Kholifa 
(Guru MTs Darul Hikmah Ngancar Kabupaten Kediri)


CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

A. Background
The special ways to make a good essay in writing subject has useful for essay writer. Sometimes the students still have mistakes in their essay. Perhaps the most common mistakes in essay writing, all of which can have an impact on their marks, are : failure to observe the word limit (where this is specified), failure to answer the question, poor structure, poor use of social scientific skills(such as handling theory and evidence), and poor grammar,punctuation and spelling.[1] Because of these mistakes the students have explored their issue and worked out an outline, they are finally ready to write the essay itself.[2] So, the special ways to make a good essay in writing subject has useful in their essay writing being its best form and it can avoide from the common mistakes in essay and they can improve their skills and ability in writing, especially in essay.
Writing an essay is a complex performance. What always surprises us is not the fact that so many people make mistakes, but that so many people make such a good job of it. Every paragraph of an essay involves perhaps a hundred conscious or half-conscious decisions about what word to use, how to structure and punctuate a sentence, and how to organise and one’s work. Each paragraph of an essay is essentially an elaborate piece of architecture that the writer has had both to design and build.
B. Statements of the problem
a. Is there any special ways to make a good essay?
b. How about the structure of a good essay?
c. How about the construct to make a good essay?




CHAPTER II
DISCUSSION

A.    The Special Ways to Make a Good Essay
       The special ways that is needed before make a good essay is writing process. The general steps in the writing process include prewriting, organizing ideas, drafting, revising, editing, and making a final draft. If the writer use these steps when they have an essay assignment, they will give theirselves an opportunity to make the most of their time and get their best ideas on paper. At times, they may repeat a particular step. When they become more comfortable with the writing process and become a more experienced essay writer, they may be able to do some steps in their mind, but skipping important steps is not advisable when they are learning the writing process. Each step has different activities that will help the writer of essay get the ideas from their mind to the paper in an organised fashion.
       Prewriting is the first major step in the writing process. As the following chart shows, prewriting can be accomplished in several ways. Prewriting is a way of generating ideas, narrowing a topic, or finding a direction.



·         Talking

One simple way to relieve anxiety and start the writing process to talk about a subject with fellow students, instructor, family members, and knowledgeable people who can provide the inspiration the students to begin writing.

·           Freewriting

The intending to help the students generate ideas. Freewriting is writing anything that comes to mind about the topic. It is writing without stopping to correct spelling or other machanical errors.    
 

·           Brainstorming  
Brainstorming is writing words or phrases that occur to the students spontaneously. This free association can be done individually or in a group. Brainstorming and freewriting are similar in that they both produce ideas.
·           Journal writing
       Journal writing is recording information in a notebook of writer dailyinner thoughts, inspirations, and emotions that are usually consistently recorded in a relaxed writing atmosphere.
·           Reading
 Reading in megazines, or newspaper can also help the students get started with their writing. For instance, browsing through a megazine like times or newsweek, whether the writer at library, at home, or at the doctor’s office, can spark an idea for a topic. More through reading will help the students become more informed about their topic so that they can write intelligently about important issue.

        Organizing is the second major steps in writing process,  after the students have completed one or more of the prewriting activities, it’s time to think about organizing these ideas into a rough outline that includes a main idea and supporting ideas. Before the writer actually start using the ideas from their prewriting to compose their paragaraph or essay, they need to decide which details support the main idea. As the writer sort these details into groups, they are organizing their information. Logic and a sense for putting together similar ideas can help the writer perform this step qickly and easily. This step in the writing process, which involves putting similar ideas into groups, is called grouping. It is one of the most important stepsin the writing process. Here is how grouping can help the students organize ideas for writing.

        Outliing is the third major steps in writing process, outlining involves identifying a word or phrase that represents a group of related ideas and then arranging these words or phrases in the order in which the student want to discuss them. The general word or words will be made into a topic sentence, and each idea listed under these general words will become a support sentence.

        Drafting is the fourth major steps in writing process, after the students have organized the ideas in the form of an outline, they are prepare to write a first draft.  Drafting is the part of the writing process in which the students compose sentences in paragraph form to produce the first copy of their essay.

       Revising is the fifth major steps in writing process, one of the most important steps in writing a paper, involves smoothing out the students’ writing. Adding more detail, and making other changes that will help they say what they want to say in the best way.

        Editing is the sixth major steps in writing process, which is checking for mechanical problems and correcting their essay.

        Final draft is the last major steps in writing process, that is deciding it’s ready for their intended audience is a step that takes patience and judgment.[3]

        Actually all of the steps in writing process is the beginning special ways to make a good essay, so the students before make an essay can do the process writing in order to their essay will be perfect and there is no mistake in it.  The students will feel satisfy and they will get a good grade if they have the best form of their essay.
    
B.     The Structure of a Good Essay
A good essay consist of introductory paragraph, supporting paragraphs, and concluding paragraph.
       Introductory Paragraph of an Essay,  it should start with several sentences that attract the reader’s interest.
       Supporting Paragraphs or Body of an Essay, most essays have three supporting points, developed at length over three separate paragraphs.
Concluding Paragraph of an Essay, the concluding paragraph often summarizes the essay by restating briefly the thesis and, at times, the main supporting points of the essay. In addition, the writer of essay often present a concluding thought about the subject of the paper.[4]

Diagram of an Essay
The following diagram shows the students at glance the different parts of a standard college essay.

An example of diagram essay :

 

                                                                                        
The above diagram, along with the essay outline form on the inside back cover of the book, will serve as a helpful guide when students are writing or evaluating essay.[5] It is able to make students easier in do essay writing or evaluating. So, the students will increase their ability in writing subject, especially in essay.
C.     Constructing an Essay in Writing Subject
The general principles writing an essays requires planning and organisation, it is not enough to look at the question. And then start writing the answer. The writer need to think about the wording of the question. Most questions pose a problem of some sort which they have to debate. The key words here are Discuss, Account for, How far, words that signal that the writer need to provide the evidence and analyse the material. The essay writer also need to plan their answer so that they do not simply put down some loose thoughts as way of starting. It is much better to spend some time generating their ideas and then organising them into an essay rather than pouring out everything they know. They need, then, to think about the shape and even rhythm of their answer.
This, however, is the kind of general, perhaps not always very helpful, advice that people will offer to the writer over and over again. So, let’s be rather more specific. One of the most useful rules in writing an essay, indeed possibly the best tip of all, is ‘the rule of three’. It is a rule that can be made use of in constructing an essay as a whole, in constructing a paragraph, and even in relation to constructing a sentence. Everybody knows that an essay needs a beginning, a middle and an end.[6] The essay writer know that is, that an essay basically has three parts and that these parts are not all the same length.
Constructing a paragraph, there are three step formulas that have described for establishing overall control of an essay represents a logical form of organisation that can also be applied to the construction of a paragraph. Far too many students have very little idea quite where they are heading in any paragraph of an essay, but the fact is that every paragraph can and should be tightly and even self consciously, organised. Just as an essay as a whole sets up an issue, advances, and arrives somewhere, so each paragraph of an essay needs to locate itself, advance, and arrive somewhere new.[7]
Constructing a sentence, writing an essay is supposed to be both enjoyable and rewarding. The experience of a lot of people, however, is that the words just will not come, and if the words do come they will not do what they want them to do. Because essay writing can be difficult, it helps if the writer rely on methods such as ‘rule of three’ to help the writer get organised, and to move along. The great advantage is that the writer are not starting from a position of being totally lost. The ‘rule of three’ gives the writer a kind of map of how to get through the essay as a whole, and it also gives the writer kind of map of how to get through each paragraph. Some students say that such a method would impose excessive limits on their freedom and ability to express their ideas in an essay and doubtless some lectures will be appalled at the idea of students knowing in advance how many paragraphs they are going to write and what the shape of the essay will be. Many students, however, appreciate how liberating such a desciplined method is, as so much of the effort of organising an essay is taken care of in advance, they can really concentrate on making the content of each paragraph and each sentence as strong as possible. [8]

CHAPTER III
CLOSING

A.    CONCLUSION
       In this paper the writer mentions actually there are some special ways to make a good essay in writing subject. Because of far too many students have very little idea quite where they are heading in any paragraph of an essay, but the fact is that every paragraph can and should be tightly and even self consciously, organised. Just as an essay as a whole sets up an issue, advances, and arrives somewhere, so each paragraph of an essay needs to locate itself, advance, and arrive somewhere new.
So, the writer has solving of common mistakes in essay writing. Firstly, before make a good essay the essay writer should do the writing process in order to it can make them more easy and it can avoide from the mistakes in their essay. Such as, mistakes in grammar, in choosing the word or maybe the mistakes in punctuation or spelling in essay.  Secondly, the essay writer should make the structure of a good essay that consist of introductory paragraph, supporting paragraphs or body, and concluding paragraph. It is the basic structure that always contents in an essay. And thirdly, the essay writer should make the constructing an essay in order to their essay do not need the revision to take place and decide the essay is in its best form.
And mastering the essay form will help, first of all, on a practical level. For other courses, the students will write specific forms of essays, such as the report and research paper. Many of their written tests will help be in the form of essay exams. In addition, the basic structure of an essay will help in career related writing, from a job application letter to the memos and reports that may become part of their work in the future. And with essay writing will make the students become more aware of other writers ideas and the evidence to support those ideas. And more important, essay writing will make the students better thinker. Writing an essay forces them to sort out and organize their ideas and think they through clearly.
They will learn to identify just what their ideas are and what support exists to back them up. Essay writing, in short, will give the students practice in the process of clear and logical reasoning. Their ability to recognize ideas and to measure their validity will help they make sound decisions not just in college and career but in all phrases of their everyday life.


B. REFERENCES :
1.      Redman Peter, 2006, Good Essay Writing, California : Sage Publications.
2.      Weston Anthony, 2000, A Rulebook for Arguments, Cambridge : Hackett Publishing Company.
3.      Wingersky Joy, Boerner Jan, Holguin-Diana Balogh, 1992, Writing Paragraphs and Essays, California : Wadsworth Publishing Company.
4.      Langan John, College Writing Skills with Readings, New york : Mc. Graw-Hill Book Company.
5.      Peck John and Coyle Martin, 2005, The Students Guide to Writing Grammar, punctuation and spelling, New york : Palgrave Macmillan.


[1] Peter Redman, 2006, Good Essay Writing, California : Sage Publications, P:21
[2] Anthony Weston, 2000,  A Rulebook for Arguments, Cambridge : Hackett Publishing Company, P:64
[3] Joy Wingersky, Jan Boerner, Diana Balogh Holguin, 1992, Writing Paragraphs and Essays, California : Wadsworth Publishing Company, P:3-6
[4] John Langan, College Writing Skills with Readings, New York : Mc. Graw-Hill Book Company,
P:7-9
[5] Ibid, P:10
[6] John Peck and Martin Coyle, 2005, The Students Guide to Writing Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling, New York : Palgrave Macmillan, P:96
[7] Ibid, P:103
[8] Ibid, P:105

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